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The role of German universities in a system of joint knowledge generation and innovation

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Mirja Meyborg

List of Figures

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1Figure 1: Structure of the PhD Thesis (own illustration). 6

2Figure 2: Varieties of the Innovation System (Christ 2007). 22

3Figure 3: Overview of important Innovation Indicators and their Typology (Grupp 1998). 24

4Figure 4: Basic Search Mode of Scopus (Scopus 2012). 59

5Figure 5: Quick Search Mode of Web of Science (Web of Knowledge 2012). 61

6Figure 6: Star- and Line-Network (Nooy et al. 2005). 77

7Figure 7: A social Network - highest Degree Centrality (own illustration). 79

8Figure 8: A social network - highest Closeness Centrality (own illustration). 80

9Figure 9: A social network - highest Betweenness Centrality (own illustration). 81

10Figure 10: An Example of a social Network - Part 3 (own illustration). 84

11Figure 11: Publication Activity of all German Universities, absolute Numbers, 2000-2009 (own illustration). 106

12Figure 12: Publication and Cooperation Activity of all German Universities, absolute Numbers, 2000-2009 (own illustration). 107

13Figure 13: Box plot of the Publication Activity of all German Universities, single-authorship vs. co-authorship, 1999-2010 (created by means of STATA). 109

14Figure 14: Institutional Distribution of the German University Co-Authors, weighted Numbers, 2000-2009 (own illustration). 111

15Figure 15: Patenting Activity of all German Universities, absolute Numbers, 1999-2008 (own illustration). 119

16Figure 16: Distribution of Applicants and Inventors of the German Universities, absolute Numbers, 1999-2008 (own illustration). 121

17Figure 17: Number of Co-Applicants, absolute Numbers, 1999-2008 (own illustration). 123

18Figure 18: Institutional Distribution of the German University Co-Applicants, absolute Numbers, 1999-2008 (own illustration). 124

19Figure 19: Co-Applicant Network of the KIT, 2007-2008 (own illustration). 129

20Figure 20: Spatial Distribution of the German University Co-Authors (100 km Corridor) weighted Numbers, 2000 and 2009 (own illustration). 132

21Figure 21: Spatial Distribution of the German University Co-Authors (25 km Corridor) weighted Numbers, 2000 and 2009 (own illustration). 134

22Figure 22: Spatial Distribution of the German University Co-Authors (25km - <475 km) weighted Numbers, 2000 (own illustration). 136

23Figure 23: Spatial Distribution of the German University Co-Authors (475 km -1.000 km) weighted Numbers, 2000 (own illustration). 137

24Figure 24: Spatial Distribution of the German University Co-Authors, weighted Numbers, 2000-2009 (own illustration). 138

25Figure 25: Spatial Distribution of the Enterprises, 2000 and 2009 (own illustration). 139

26Figure 26: Spatial Distribution of the Universities, 2000 and 2009 (own illustration). 140

27Figure 27: Spatial Distribution of the Universities, 2000 and 2009 (own illustration). 140

28Figure 28: Expenditure for Research and Development (Mio. EUR) 2000 and 2009 (own illustration according to DESTATIS 2010). 145

29Figure 29: Institutional Distribution of the Cooperation Partners of the German Universities, absolute numbers, 1999-2000 and 2007-2008 (own illustration). 165

30Figure 30: Spatial Distribution of the German University Co-Authors, 2000 and 2009 (own illustration). 170

31Figure 31: Spatial Distribution of the Cooperation Partners of the elite and non-elite universities from 2000 and 2009, weighted Numbers (own illustration). 172

32Figure 32: Spatial Distribution of the Cooperation Partners of the Technical and Non-Technical Universities, 2000 and 2009, weighted Numbers (own illustration). 173

33Figure 33: Spatial Distribution of the Cooperation Partners of the Medical and Non-Medical Universities, 2000 and 2009, weighted Numbers (own illustration). 174

34Figure 34: Spatial Distribution of the German University Co-Authors (Groups of Countries), weighted Numbers, 2000-2009 (own illustration). 180

35Figure 35: Publication and Cooperation Activity of KIT and Heidelberg, absolute Numbers, 2000 and 2009 (own illustration). 188

36Figure 36: Institutional Distribution of the Co-Authors of KIT and Heidelberg, absolute Numbers, 2000 and 2009 (own illustration). 191

37Figure 37: Spatial Distribution of the Co-Authors of KIT and Heidelberg (100 km Corridor) weighted Numbers, 2009 (own illustration). 193

38Figure 38: Spatial Distribution of the Co-Authors, KIT and Heidelberg, absolute Numbers, 2000 and 2009 (own illustration). 194

39Figure 39: Regional Distribution of the Co-Authors of KIT and Heidelberg, weighted Numbers, 2000 and 2009 (own illustration). 196

40Figure 40: Supra-regional Distribution of the Co-Authors of KIT and Heidelberg, weighted Numbers, 2000 and 2009 (own illustration). 198

41Figure 41: Co-Applicant Network of the KIT based on joint Patents, 1999-2008 (own illustration). 201

42Figure 42: Co-Applicant Network of Heidelberg based on joint Patents, 1999-2008 (own illustration). 202

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