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State Cash Resources and State Building in Europe 13th-18th century

 | 
Katia Béguin
, 
Anne L. Murphy

Political Construction and the Management of Public Resources

Distant Tyranny: Polycentric State-Building and Fiscal Systems in Spain 1650–1800

Regina Grafe

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Extrait du texte

In the 1960s the tourism agencies of Spain’s fascist government put out an international advertising campaign that became a huge hit. Its simple slogan was ‘Spain is different’. The historical social science literature on Spanish state-building until very recently seemed to concur. Spain seemed to fit poorly into our models of the emergence of European states, which tend to think about state formation in dichotomies. From the high Middle Ages to the nineteenth century, two forms of statehood are distinguished: city-states and territorial states.1 These in turn were meant to lead to the formation of nation states in two distinct phases. In phase one, territorial states such as England, France and Spain consolidated and supposedly turned from loose associations of territories under the same crown into fully fledged integrated nation states. In the second phase, in the nineteenth century, the European ‘late’ nation states, Germany and Italy, were united out of a sundry hotchpotch of ci...

Auteur

Regina Grafe is Professor of European early modern history at the European University Institute (Florence, Italy). Her notable publications include: Distant tyranny. markets, power and backwardness in Spain 1650–1800, Princeton University Press, 2012; (with A. Irigoin) ‘A stakeholder empire: the political economy of Spanish imperial rule in America’, Economic History Review, 65 (2), 2012, pp. 609–651; Entre el Mundo Ibérico y el Atlántico. Comercio y especialización regional, 1550–1650, Bilbao, Bizkaiko Foru Aldundia, 2005.

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