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State Cash Resources and State Building in Europe 13th-18th century

 | 
Katia Béguin
, 
Anne L. Murphy

Political Construction and the Management of Public Resources

Introduction

Christine Lebeau

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Extrait du texte

In 1996, Richard Bonney drew attention to a paradigm shift in work on public finance in Europe.1 The model of the transition from the feudal system to capitalism thus had to give way to that of the fiscal/military state. From military revolution to financial revolution, the state was back in the form of a modern state that maximized its revenues and whose borrowing or debt capacity was a fully-fledged source of income.2 Out of the many studies produced in a national context – often at odds with the context of ancient Europe – which examined the origin and management of the public debt to varying degrees and tried to reconstruct elusive financial balance sheets, there emerged the great story of success and failure in controlling the sovereign debt: a comprehensive history of debt.3

Based on the reconstruction of liabilities, interest rates and defaults, the story of the public debt has thus focused in recent decades on a few main topics, at the intersection of history, economics and p...

Auteur

Professor of Modern History at the University of Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, Chistrine Lebeau is a specialist in the political and social history of the Habsburg monarchy during the eighteenth century. She focuses on the emergence and circulation of knowledge regarding the State during the eighteenth century. Her notable publications in this area include: ‘Circulations internationales and savoirs d’État au XVIIIe siècle’, in Pierre-Yves Beaurepaire and Pierrick Pourchasse (eds.), Les circulations internationales en Europe années 1680-années 1780, Rennes, Presses universitaires de Rennes, 2010, pp. 169–179; ‘Chiffres privés, chiffres politiques: l’inconcevable publication des bilans de Pietro Verri (État de Milan, deuxième moitié du XVIIIe siècle)’, in Dominique Margairaz and Philippe Minard (eds.), L’information économique. Production and circulation, Paris, Comité pour l’histoire économique and financière de la France, 2008, pp. 201–225; ‘Regional exchanges and patterns of taxation in 18th-century Europe: the case of the Italian cadastres’, in Holger Nehring and Florian Schui (eds.), Global debates about taxation, Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan, 2007, pp. 21–35.

© Institut de la gestion publique et du développement économique, 2017

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