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France, Europe and Development Aid. From the Treaties of Rome to the Present Day

Gérard Bossuat
Gordon D. Cummings

Questioning the European Approach to Development (1995-2010)


Bernard Petit, Dieter Frisch, Olivier Cattaneo, Philippe Mazuel, Issiaka Mandé et Corinne Balleix

Note de l’éditeur

Moderator: Philippe Mazuel

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From the floor
I was very interested in your last remark, namely that we must not instrumentalise development policy, but when we look at the Cotonou agreement there are one or two points that bother me, or one in particular, the one about emigration, and especially the obligation on the ACP countries to accept migrants and potentially to expel them. The other point is very brief as well, it is the question of security, which also arises here in this Cotonou agreement. As you like interesting ways of putting things, I forgot just now to say: “ The sum total of poverty is not abundance”.

Bernard Petit
There are some provisions included in Cotonou for the first time, but not the ones you have just mentioned. Read the agreement again. The provisions on migration in the Cotonou agreement essentially allow for the possibility of creating, in countries which are sources of immigration (especially West Africa), centres offering all the information necessary for people wishing to immigrate in ...


Bernard Petit is an Honorary Director General of the European Commission, a consultant for the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Chairman of the board of directors of the Tuberculosis Vaccine Initiative Foundation (TBVI) and a member of the board of directors of the Fondation pour les Études et Recherches sur le Développement International (FERDI). He worked at the European Commission for 37 years (1971-2008), dealing exclusively with development questions. His duties included working as Director of Global and Sectoral policies, responsibility for various divisions dealing in particular with funding, planning, macroeconomic policy, fiscal support and forecasting. In charge of the “Task force”, he was responsible for negotiating the Cotonou agreement (1998-2000) and was the chief negotiator of the first revision of that agreement (2004-2005). He was a Deputy Director General at the Directorate General of Development until December 2008. Bernard Petit holds a doctorate in European law from the University of Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne, a degree from the European Communities Research Centre of the Paris Faculty of Law and a degree from the Marseille Business School. He is a chevalier de l’Ordre national du mérite [Knight of the National Order of Merit].

With degrees in economics from Bonn University and in modern languages from Heidelberg University, Dieter Frisch served at the European Commission from 1958 to 1993, during which time he spent 24 years in various jobs relating to development cooperation policy. Director General of development from 1982 to 1993, he negotiated the Lomé III and IV Conventions. He is the author of numerous articles and in particular of a pamphlet on La politique de développement de l’Union européenne : un regard personnel sur 50 ans de coopération internationale, ECDPM, 2008. He is on the board of governors of the European Centre for Development Policy Management (ECDPM, Maastricht) and chairs the planning committee. Dieter Frisch is also a co-founder of Transparency International and is a member of its advisory board and special adviser on European affairs.

Olivier Cattaneo is a New York attorney. He is a lecturer and research associate with the Groupe d’économie mondiale of the Paris Institut d’Études Politiques (IEP). He has worked as an expert in trade and development policy for the OECD, the AFD and the World Bank. He has also worked at the National Assembly and at the Ministries of Labour and Health, and more recently at the Ministry of Agriculture in connection with the French presidency of the G20. With a doctorate in international law from the Geneva Institut Universitaire des Hautes Études Internationales (IUHEI), he has degrees from the Paris IEP and from Georgetown University, and is a World Fellow of Yale University. He is the author of numerous publications on trade and development, including a recent publication with Gary Gereffi and Cornelia Staritz, Global Value Chains in a Postcrisis World, World Bank, 2010.

Philippe Mazuel is Research Director at the IGPDE [Institute of public management and economic development]. He has served successively as an officer in the armoured cavalry, area manager in the paper industry, Defence Adviser to the President of the National Assembly (Laurent Fabius), Deputy of the Coordinating Prefect for Justice and Home affairs at the SGCI [currently SGAE, Secrétariat Général des affaires européennes], Task Manager in DG Enlargement at the European Commission and at the United Nations in Kosovo, then Director of European Affairs at the consultancy Ethos Challenge (Groupe Axcess). He is a graduate of the Paris Institut d’Études Politiques and the Military Academy of Saint-Cyr. Former Deputy Mayor of Abbeville responsible for the economy and employment, Philippe Mazuel holds the Military Cross (Lebanon). He chairs the Party of the Citizens of Europe (PACE, aisbl).

Professor in the Politics department of Quebec University in Montreal (UQAM) and in charge of conferences on African socio-economic history at the University of Paris VII, Issiaka Mandé is actively involved as a researcher with the International Centre for Research on Slavery (CIRESC-CNRS), CIRDIS [Interdisciplinary research centre on international development] (UQAM) and SEDET [Centre for interdisciplinary research on developing societies] (University Paris Diderot). His research concerns the socio-economic history of contemporary Africa, the history of the people of West Africa, and the migrations of the Burkinabés. He is also interested in the diaspora dimension of international migration in Africa in relation to the nation state, citizenship, and the question of nationalities. He is currently involved in research projects on social history and development economics. He has published numerous articles and co-edited books such as Les historiens africains et la mondialisation (Karthala), être étranger et migrant en Afrique (L’Harmattan) and Le Burkina Faso contemporain : racines du présent et enjeux nouveaux (L’Harmattan, 2012)

Corinne Balleix is attached to the Conseil d’État, as Rapporteur at the National Asylum Court. At present she is working on asylum and immigration in Europe. As a part-time lecturer, she runs a seminar on European development aid at the Paris Institut d’Études Politiques (IEP). She is also involved in the Masters Degree in Development Studies at the Institut d’Étude du Développement Économique et Social (IEDES) at the University of Paris I, and in the Certificate of Sustainable Development (in-service training) of the IEP of Aix-en-Provence. Specialising in European public policies, she runs courses on European questions for the Masters in Public Affairs at IEP Paris. She has worked as an officer at France Permanent Representation to the European Union in Brussels. In December 2010 she published a book on L’aide européenne au développement (La Documentation française) and in 1999 another one on La France et la Banque centrale européenne (PUF). She has a doctorate in political sciences from the University of Paris II-Panthéon-Assas.

© Institut de la gestion publique et du développement économique, 2013

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