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France, Europe and Development Aid. From the Treaties of Rome to the Present Day

 | 
Gérard Bossuat
, 
Gordon D. Cummings

Enlargements and New Aid Paradigms (1975-1995)

What is Distinctive about European Development Aid: Taking account of New Paradigms (1975-1995) 

Philippe Hugon

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Extrait du texte

Introduction

As a young student in 1958 I attended a talk in Rome by the Italian Foreign Minister on European aid following the Treaty of Rome. He began his talk by quoting Confucius: “What have you got against me? I have given you nothing”. I have always found that, in the words of the African proverb, “The hand that gives is superior to the hand that receives”. I shall speak as a university researcher who experienced the 1975-1995 period and analysed what was happening with European aid from the outside.

The creation of the European Economic Community (EEC) coincided with the period of decolonisation. There were always links between developments in Europe and colonisation. It was the rifts between European powers that encouraged a process of colonial expansion which increased tensions between colonising countries. The process of decolonisation took place at the same time as the Common Market was being formed, in 1957, and some of the countries which had lost their empire were buildi...

Auteur

Philippe Hugon is emeritus professor of economics at Paris Ouest-Nanterre and research director at IRIS (Institut de Relations Internationales et Stratégiques), responsible for Africa. He works more particularly on African economics and geopolitics, and on comparative African and Asian studies. The author of around a hundred articles in specialist journals and many books on development and international political economy, he is the editor of Revue Tiers Monde and responsible for the chapter on sub-Saharan Africa in L’Année stratégique. Latest publications: 3rd edition of Géopolitique de l’Afrique, Paris, SEDES (2012) and 7th edition of L’économie de l’Afrique, Paris, La Découverte, 2012.

© Institut de la gestion publique et du développement économique, 2013

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