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Dossier : Des vases pour les Athéniens

Dossier : Des vases pour les Athéniens (vie-ive siècles avant notre ère)

Athenian Vases for whom?

A new workshop of the late 4th century in the Athenian Kerameikos

Norbert Eschbach

Résumé

In 2010, the author had the opportunity to examine material found in a small rescue excavation in the area of the Demos Kerameis in 1966. More than 100 vases and thousands of fragments had been collected at that time from a sealed pit of a potter’s workshop. A certain range of typical defects is visible which leads to the conclusion that all the vases had been discarded after accidents during the production process. Their date is clearly limited to the end of the 4th century, therefore all the vases should come from one or maybe two collapsed kilns. Three dominant types of pottery were produced for three different groups of customers: Athenian officials, normal citizens and for export.

En 2010, l’auteur a eu l’opportunité d’examiner le matériel provenant d’une petite fouille de sauvetage dans la région du dème Kerameis, exécutée en 1966. Plus de 100 vases et des milliers de fragments ont été alors rassemblés, provenant du puits fermé d’un atelier de potier. Un certain nombre de défauts caractéristiques permet de conclure que ces vases avaient été écartés à cause d’accidents survenus durant la phase de fabrication. Leur datation se situe manifestement à la fin du IVe siècle, donc tous les vases proviendraient d’un ou éventuellement de deux fours effondrés. Trois grands types de vases dominent dans la production destinée à trois groupes distincts de clients : des magistrats athéniens, des particuliers et l’exportation.

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Extrait du texte

At very short notice Olga Alexandri did inform us about a rescue excavation in 1966 on a plot at the crossing of Odos Achilleos and Plataion (fig. 1, no. 12), north of the Kerameikos.1 She did refer to a waste pit with some black-glazed, some red-figured vases and two vessels of a specific type, which I was very much interested in, when I was preparing my PhD. But then, in 1980, I could not get any possibility to take a view.2

In 2009, the 3rd Ephorate at Athens gave the permission and a – as I thought – little project could start.3 Just during the first campaign in spring 2010 it was clearly visible, that the amount of 29 vases from the pit, mentioned by Olga Alexandri, has been only a small part of the quantity of ceramics really found. Altogether 70 more or less complete vases and 18 big boxes in the magazine, full to the brim with about 6500 fragments could be identified as belonging to the old rescue excavation. In September 2010, I was able to study the material – and so, my co...

Auteur

Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen. Institut für Altertumswissenschaften. Klassische Archäologie

© Éditions de l’École des hautes études en sciences sociales, 2014

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