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Higher Education and the American Dream

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Marvin Lazerson

Subject Index

Texte intégral

Academic
departments, 6, 101, 115, 119, 125, 128, 138
disciplines, 5, 6, 98, 115, 123, 125, 128, 130, 132, 137–139, 179
freedom, 6, 70, 83, 84, 88, 92, 120, 143, 149, 182, 192, 207
scholars, 33

access, 2, 13, 14, 21, 25, 28, 30, 39, 48–50, 59, 64, 99, 106, 117, 139, 171, 183, 189, 193, 198, 199

accountability, 81, 86–88, 90, 92, 93, 97, 103, 105, 109, 148, 149, 151–153, 155, 161, 164, 171, 179, 181, 196

accreditation, 106, 107, 154, 183, 196

administration, 2, 36, 74, 75, 77, 80, 83, 85, 87

administrators, 5, 15, 73, 76, 80, 88, 89, 91, 92, 96, 99, 102, 120, 126, 127, 157, 159–161,165, 166, 169, 188, 194

admissions, 20, 21, 23, 31, 81, 83

adult learners, 7, 9, 171

affirmative action, 8, 14, 23, 34, 50, 75, 84, 88, 117

African Americans, 3, 29, 34, 36

Alumni, 1, 20, 75, 76, 81, 85, 158, 165, 166, 183

American Association of Higher Education, 154

American Dream, 2, 3, 7, 8, 17, 18, 23, 26, 27, 45, 117, 188, 189, 199

Asian-Americans, 36
assessment, 50, 78, 92, 108, 148–150, 152–163, 165, 166, 168–173, 176, 179–182
classroom, outcomes, 148, 154, 170, 172, 173, 180

automobile industry, 2, 7, 8, 84

autonomy, 71, 79, 83, 84, 88, 92, 97, 149, 154–156, 160, 161

baccalaureate, 25, 35, 38, 41, 46, 49, 50, 56

boards of trustees, 69, 75, 76, 83, 152, 173

bottom line, 35, 83, 87, 90, 152, 154, 164, 167, 191

bureaucracy, 58, 80, 82, 96, 111, 160

business, 140, 142, 152–155, 158, 160, 167, 180, 196

California, 8, 14, 49, 75, 78, 124, 161, 171, 198

Carle Place, NY, 2

Carnegie Academy, 176

Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, 153, 161, 174, 176, 178, 180

citizenship, 54, 65, 118, 120, 127

civic education, 54n3, 118

civil rights movement, 3, 16, 27, 84, 140

co-curriculum, 100, 101, 123, 127, 130

Columbia University, 30, 33, 70

community colleges, 3, 5, 16, 18, 21, 26, 45, 47, 50, 55, 57, 59, 60, 117, 121, 148, 168, 171, 183, 198, 199

completion rates, 38, 59, 87, 183

comprehensive
institutions, 47, 48
universities, 47, 48, 50, 121

constituencies, 69, 81

conversation, 69, 82, 92, 101, 115, 128, 131–144, 136–138, 142, 144, 145, 148, 149, 156, 159, 161, 164, 170, 177, 179, 181, 193–195

Cornell University, 21, 122

corporate decision making, 69

corporations, 22, 78, 79, 83, 87, 88, 91, 97, 102, 103, 159, 189

credentials, 19, 24, 48, 50, 57, 58, 60

credentialism, 19, 48, 50, 57–60

criticism, 4, 6, 15, 28, 30, 34, 35, 42, 70, 119, 124, 147, 150–152, 155, 173, 182

culture of resistance, 87

curriculum, 4, 5, 16, 20, 45, 46, 52, 55, 57, 63, 92, 98–100, 107, 115, 117–119, 122–125, 127, 129, 130, 132, 143, 144, 150, 151, 153, 155, 156, 163, 165, 169, 177

curriculum reforms, 99

deans, 1, 95, 96

degrees (bachelor’s, masters, doctoral, PhD), 23, 35, 41, 46, 48, 50, 56, 70, 142, 170, 183, 197, 199

democracy, 18, 128, 139, 144, 187

demography, 37

development, 19, 22, 41, 46, 48, 49, 53, 70, 81, 82, 84, 85, 87, 96, 97, 100, 106, 108, 121, 123, 124, 129, 131, 132, 143, 136, 141, 143, 154, 158, 172, 174, 176, 179, 187, 191, 197

disciplinary boundaries, 141

discontent(s), 1, 6, 7–9, 29, 30, 130, 199

earnings, 24, 26, 31, 32, 35, 38, 59, 83, 87

economic
development, 42, 44, 84, 123, 124, 187, 197
goals, 42, 44
growth, 16, 18, 22–24, 44, 61, 62, 106, 128, 130, 187, 188
opportunity, 59
productivity, 153, 187
returns, 29, 39, 129
success, 1, 42, 187, 188
value, 1, 42, 187, 188

economics, 31n1, 46, 93, 130–137, 143

economists, 5, 35, 62, 130–133, 135, 143

economy, 1, 18, 22–24, 30, 31n1, 33, 34, 43, 44, 78, 130, 140, 150, 151

education
distance, 183, 184
dual track, 127
elementary and secondary, 150, 172, 192
general, 5, 51–54, 60, 115, 117, 118, 121, 128, 129, 148, 165, 168, 184, 193, 196
graduate, 5, 115, 118, 121, 129, 131, 152, 156, 164, 165, 188
professional, 44, 54, 98, 122, 193
undergraduate, 121, 129, 131, 154, 156, 164, 165
value of, 53
vocational, 44, 50, 64, 85

educational
choice, 133
gospel, 42–45, 47, 61–63, 187, 188
institutions, 9, 43, 44, 47, 50, 53, 57, 58, 61–65, 95, 102, 118
opportunity, 2, 13, 17, 18, 22, 24, 26, 29, 41, 43, 53n2, 58, 123
quality, 106–108, 162, 163, 183
reform, 163, 165, 194–196
requirements, 23, 49, 57, 58

employment, 18, 19, 25, 30, 33, 37, 47, 48, 55–58, 60, 63, 130

endowments, 4, 8, 36, 79

enrollments, 1, 14, 20, 26, 35, 36, 37, 45, 128, 173

equality of educational
opportunity, 2, 24, 26, 58

equity, 9, 23, 45, 47, 53, 58, 61, 63–65, 88

ethnographic research, 141

European Soccer Championships, 197

European Union, 43, 44, 62

expenditures, 14, 15, 30, 61, 77, 85, 95, 105, 130, 148

extra-curriculum, 100, 123, 124n2, 127

faculty, 4–6, 8, 9, 15, 16, 52, 70–77, 80–84, 86, 88, 90–92, 96–100, 105–109, 115, 116, 118–130, 132, 134, 137, 138, 141, 143–145, 148, 149, 155–157, 159–162, 164–170, 172–176, 179–184, 189, 191, 197
appointments, 6, 72, 197
as free agents, 4, 181
governance, 72, 92
power, 174

federal legislation, 28

field of dreams, 13, 16, 17, 29, 31, 36, 38–40

fields of study, 25, 26, 32, 46, 98, 103, 141

financial
aid, 8, 9, 14, 15, 28, 36n2
crisis, 9, 62, 79, 83, 86, 105, 111, 143, 184, 190

funding, 5, 15, 18, 20, 27, 29, 36, 69, 85, 101–103, 105, 107. 116, 121, 157, 162, 180, 189, 192

fundraising, 73, 74, 76, 80, 84, 85, 87, 96, 122

G. I. Bill (Servicemen’s Readjustment Act of 1944), 16–18, 22

governance, 44, 70, 75, 77–80, 82–85, 87–92, 115, 151, 156, 159, 182

grades, 39, 41, 60, 99, 181

graduate programs, 49, 117, 141, 142, 178, 183, 193

graduates, 16, 25, 26, 29, 31–35, 37–40, 46, 55, 157, 162, 163, 197

graduation rates, 6, 38, 157, 162, 182

Harvard Assessment Seminars, 165, 166

Harvard University, 161, 164

high schools, 19, 44, 45, 47, 50, 57, 168, 178

Higher Education Act of 1965, 15, 28

higher education
boards of, 152, 157
costs of, 31
customers of, 9
expansion of, 26, 33, 46, 62
industry, 4, 6–8, 16, 27, 37, 69, 84
organizations, 148, 155, 160, 173
power relationships in, 89
public, 19–20, 27, 89, 104
purpose(s) of, 43, 44, 54, 115, 117, 118
vocationally-based, 46

Hispanics, 26, 36

housing industry market, 2, 8, 84

human capital, 22–24, 44, 45

humanities, 25, 55, 65, 126, 127, 130, 136, 142, 153

income returns, 3, 13, 15, 16, 25, 26, 29, 31, 32, 35, 36, 38, 39, 86, 120, 190

incompletion rates, 59, 183

inequality, 23, 32, 38, 39, 45, 64, 109, 140

information technology, 80, 96, 108, 109

institutional managers, 5, 95, 111

instructional values, 121

interdisciplinary (courses, research, programs), 52, 115, 118

investments
return on, 77, 79, 154

job markets, 183

Johns Hopkins University, 21

Knowledge
economy, 22, 44
pedagogical content, 175
revolution, 42, 44, 63
society, 22, 44, 187
useful, 183

Labor
force, 23
markets, 48, 53, 69, 87, 99, 107, 131, 198

learner-centered, 151, 173

learning, 6, 7, 9, 19, 27, 34, 35, 43, 45, 46, 48, 49, 53–55, 60, 63–65, 72, 76, 86, 90, 98, 100, 101, 107–111, 115, 117–121, 128, 130–134, 137, 138, 140, 143, 144, 147–184, 190–193, 196
environments, 162, 163, 183, 191, 192
lifelong, 7, 43, 63, 171
living and, 100, 101, 123, 165, 192
reforms, reformers, involvement in, 150, 160, 162–164, 167, 170, 171, 176, 178–182
research on, 171, 173, 174, 190
service, 121, 177
undergraduate, 143
work-based, 55, 63, 65

liberal arts, 5, 19, 21, 46, 47, 51–54, 59, 117, 118, 121, 122, 125–127, 132
colleges, 126, 127, 132

Lone Ranger, 195–198

loud music, 184, 192, 194

low income families, students, 9, 26, 36,

majors, 25, 35, 41, 46, 51, 53, 54, 59, 117, 121, 122, 141, 148, 184, 192

management, 17, 48, 49, 69–71, 76, 77, 80–82, 85, 87, 90, 93, 97, 101, 110
new public, 97

managerial
challenges, 97, 98, 104, 107
imperatives, 97
models, 97
roles, 80, 82

managers, 5, 18, 43, 69, 71, 73, 75–77, 80–83, 86–93, 95–97, 105, 109, 111

market
ethos, 5
for students, 16, 98, 161
oriented, orientation, 4, 5

marketplace, 22, 84, 86, 89, 105, 151, 164, 174, 181

men, males, 8, 26, 29, 31, 32, 33, 34, 36, 38, 39, 195

meritocratic, 21

methodology, 124, 127, 128, 134

mini-cities, 69, 76, 80, 81

model building, 130, 131, 135, 142

modern university, 125

money, 1, 4–7, 9, 14, 15, 22, 24, 25, 27, 29, 69, 71, 73, 79, 80, 82, 85–87, 95, 96, 101–106, 109–111, 116, 147, 150, 158, 178, 189–191, 193, 196

moral (purposes, goals, education), 45, 53, 54, 125

national defense, 1, 14, 15, 18, 24, 27, 28, 123, 128

National Defense Education Act of 1958, 15, 27, 28

National Science Foundation, 85, 115

New York Times, 1, 2, 28, 85

occupational preparation, 45–48, 54, 63

occupations, 19, 25, 41, 42, 44, 45, 47–50, 55, 57, 58, 61, 62, 65, 91, 117

organizations, 77, 78, 99, 147, 148, 150, 155, 160, 169, 171, 173, 177, 180

outcome measures, 99, 107, 166

outcomes, 53, 59, 60, 63, 65, 70, 72, 83, 86, 90, 97, 98, 103, 107, 125, 148–151, 153–155, 157, 162, 163, 167, 181, 182

performance criteria, 90

philosophy,51, 124, 130, 134–137, 143

philosophy, analytic, 134, 135

pillar(s) of the American Dream, 2, 3, 7, 45

policy options, 188

political science, 139, 140

presidents (colleges, universities), 5, 76, 77, 87, 90, 95, 125

price-income squeeze, 39

private
benefit, 1, 2
goals, 65
good, 104,
institutions, 75, 104, 154, 158

professional
managers, 69, 71, 73, 75, 76, 80–82, 88–91
qualifications, 50
schools, 19, 44, 46, 50, 51, 54, 132, 140, 142

professions, 1, 3, 13, 18, 19, 32, 40, 41, 44–46, 48–51, 58, 59, 64, 117, 122, 124, 148

professors, 4–6, 13–15, 21, 54–56, 70, 72, 73, 76, 87, 88, 91, 98–101, 103, 106, 107, 111, 115, 116, 119–121, 123–125, 127, 129, 130, 132, 138, 140, 144, 147–149, 151, 155, 160, 163, 166–169, 171, 172, 174, 176, 179–183, 188, 190, 194, 197

profit(s), 9, 78, 83, 89, 90, 130, 189-190

provost, 72–75, 80, 95, 100, 103, 194

public
corporations, 97
good, 1, 20
investment, 24, 27
officials, 5, 148, 150, 152, 156, 183, 194
policies, 23, 43, 62, 109, 147
sector, 20

quality
assurance, 106
institutional, 90, 162–164

reform, 6, 63, 98, 99, 125, 126, 148–150, 153, 160, 161, 164, 171, 173, 175, 178–182, 184, 187–189, 191–197, 199

regulation, 70, 71, 78, 83, 85, 87, 97, 155

research
contract, 102, 116n1
enterprise, 21, 101, 102, 115, 116n1
funding, 101–103, 116, 162
professors, 116
university, 21, 50

Rolling Stones, 187

scholar, 142–144, 168, 169, 172, 176–178, 180

scholarly
research, 141, 160, 167, 169
status, 170, 179
work, 176–178

scholarship, 70, 104, 105, 121, 126, 127, 140, 141, 143, 148, 149, 161, 167–170, 172, 174–177, 179, 180
of teaching, 161, 167, 172, 174–177

science(s), 15, 21, 25, 27, 49, 51, 52, 54, 62, 100, 115, 121, 124–126, 128–131, 135–137, 139, 140, 142, 150, 176, 189

shared governance, 4, 70. 72–75, 82–84, 88, 91, 92, 156

silver bullets, 147, 195, 196

social class, 8, 23, 142

staff, 81, 92, 96, 99, 101, 105, 109, 111, 116

stakeholders, 69, 75, 78, 87

standardized tests, 90, 107, 150

state governments, 27, 85

stock market, 16, 36, 78, 79, 90

student
life, 16, 20, 80, 81, 101, 122–124, 127
service professionals, 100
services, 85, 96, 100, 101, 109, 111, 116

students, 3, 5, 6, 8, 9, 14–22, 25–30, 33–39, 41, 47, 48, 50–52, 54–65, 69–71, 73–77, 80, 81, 83–88, 90, 92, 95–101, 104–109, 111, 115–124, 1
competition for, 84, 96, 123, 183
minority, 9, 26
non-traditional, 16, 17
undergraduate, graduate, 26, 28, 51, 70, 107, 115, 116, 130, 131, 134, 144, 148, 170

success, 1, 4–8, 13, 15, 17, 18, 22–24, 26, 28, 30, 42–44, 59, 62, 78, 79, 82, 86, 87, 90, 91, 96, 97, 100, 101, 107, 115, 120, 121, 125, 126, 128, 130, 131,151,156, 170, 178, 183, 187–189, 191,199

teaching,1, 4, 5, 6, 8, 15, 19, 21, 30, 48, 49, 55, 70, 86, 88, 92, 97–99, 103, 107, 109, 116, 117, 119–121, 125–128, 131–133, 136–138, 140–144, 147–151, 153, 155–157, 159–184, 189, 191, 192, 196, 197
and learning, 120, 128, 137, 143, 147–151, 153, 155, 157, 159–161, 164–167, 170, 172, 174, 176–180, 182–184, 192

technology, 9, 22, 42, 43, 45, 62, 63, 80–82, 87, 90, 96, 99, 102, 105, 108–110, 120, 147, 148, 163, 181, 184, 191

tenure, 6, 72, 83, 84, 88, 89, 92, 115, 156, 169, 170, 181, 183, 191, 197

theory, 48, 136, 142

trustee activism, 75–77, 86, 93

trustees, 69, 73–76, 83, 86, 87, 89–93, 152, 173

tuition, 36, 39, 73, 87, 95, 99, 104, 105, 119, 130, 147, 151, 164

University of California, Berkeley, 161, 171

University of Chicago, 21, 126

University of Michigan, 75

University of Pennsylvania, 21, 69, 72, 95, 100, 103

University of Wisconsin, 85

utilitarian aims, purposes, 124, 128

value added, 130, 147, 148, 162–164, 167, 181

value and reward system, 149, 179–181

vocational
preparation, 43, 60
responsibilities, 120

vocationalism, 19, 41, 44, 45, 47, 50, 53–56, 58, 60, 63–65, 99, 118, 129

wan-a-be phenomenon, 198

women, females, 3, 8, 19, 21, 26, 29, 31, 32, 34, 36–38, 45, 53, 117, 126, 142, 143

work preparation (preparation for employment), 45, 56

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