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Divine Presence in Spain and Western Europe 1500-1960

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William A. Christian

List of Figures

Texte intégral

1All illustrations with no source given are from the collection of the author.

21. Marisol Llamas, Casas de Benítez (Cuenca). 10

32. Mary and Joseph images meet in river, Tirteafuera (Ciudad Real). 17

43. The miraculous sweating of a painting in a rain procession, Cabra del Santo Cristo (Jaén), 1698 21

54. The vision of an angel, Ayora (Valencia). Engraving c. 1810. 25

65. The Christ of Piera (Barcelona) in rain procession, c. 1905-1910. 27

76. The Christ of Piera, print. Biblioteca de Catalunya. 28

87. The Christ of Piera, detail of apparition. 28

98. The Christ of Piera, detail of procession. 29

109. “Apparitions in Toledo.” Photos from Estampa, May 25, 1935. 31

1110. Pilgrim at Roncesvalles. Postcard sent 1904. 35

1211. The corporal works of mercy. Claret, Catechism, 1852. 36

1312. Give drink to the thirsty. Claret, Catechism, 1852. 36

1413. Give shelter to pilgrims. Claret, Catechism, 1852. 37

1514. Feed the hungry. Claret, Catechism, 1852. 39

1615. Rain on La Poza, Casa de Benítez (Cuenca). 44

1716. Cover, testimony of sweating crucifix, Medina del Rioseco (Valladolid), 1602. 54

1817. Parish priest with reliquary containing cloth used to wipe sweat from image, Medina de Rioseco. 57

1918. Miracle of the Christ of El Bonillo by Vicente López Portaña, El Bonillo (Albacete). 61

2019. Saint Francis receiving the stigmata. Parish church, Traíd (Guadalajara). 72

2120. Esperanza Aparicio Buendía, El Bonillo (Albacete). 77

2221. Christ at the Column, Santuario-Monasterio de Nuestra Señora de Monlora, Luna (Zaragoza). 81

2322. Miracle board, ca. 1630. Santuario-Monasterio de Nuestra Señora de Monlora, Luna (Zaragoza). 81

2423. The Virgin of the Miracle, Cocentaina (Alicante).Postcard, 1945. 82

2524. The Christ of Limpias, main altar, parish of San Pedro, Limpias (Cantabria). 82

2625. Postcard sampler, José Martínez, Limpias. 83

2726. Pilgrimage group at Limpias. 83

2827. The bleeding statues of Templemore, Ireland, 1921. 84

2928. Marie Mesmin and the oratory of the Santissima Bambina, Bordeaux. 85

3029. The Santissima Bambina of Marie Mesmin. 85

3130. The bleeding Sacred Heart of Mirebeau-en-Poitou c. 1911. 86

3231. Angelo and Antonina Jannuso with the Weeping Madonna of Siracusa, 1953. 86

3332. The Weeping Madonna in Piazza Euripide, Siracusa, 1953. Photo from Paris Match. 87

3433. Stand with cotton and photographs, Piazza Euripide, Siracusa, 1953. Photo from Paris Match. 87

3534. Envelope containing Siracusa cotton relic distributed from Ciudad Real, Spain. 88

3635. Siracusa relic holy card distributed in Belgium, 1955. 88

3736. “The New Virgin of the Tears” cover of Sábado Gráfico (Madrid), 1959. 89

3837. The bleeding hand of Saint Anne of Entrevaux. Photomic, Nice. 89

3938. The bleeding image of Saint Anne of Entrevaux. Photomic, Nice. 90

4039. Visitors to the Entrevaux image, 1954. Snapshot. 90

4140. Testing the Entrevaux image’s blood. France-Dimanche, 1961. 91

4241. Child pilgrims, Entrevaux, 1954. Paris Match. 91

4342. Relic blood, Entrevaux. 92

4443. “I made the Virgin’s statue bleed.” Headline, France-Dimanche, 1961. 92

4544. “First I pricked my finger.” France-Dimanche, 1961. 93

4645. Sign in stand, Siracusa, 1953. Detail, Paris Match. 94

4746. A bottle of cotton soaked in tears, Siracusa, 1953. Paris Match. 95

4847. Josefa Menéndez, holy card, c.1930. 107

4948. José de Ribera, St Mary the Egyptian. Museo Civico Gaetano Filangeri, Naples. 108

5049. José Garmendia, Ezquioga, 1932-1933. 109

5150. Marcelina Mendívil, Ezquioga, May 1933. 110

5251. Girl in prayer. Postcard sent 1909. 111

5352. Family in prayer, Spain. 112

5453. Cover, Soireés, Brussels, 1933. 113

5554. Raphael, Transfiguration, Vatican Museum. Postard, Rome, before 1905. 114

5655. Murillo, San Bernardo, El Prado. Tear out postcard, Madrid. 115

5756. Exvoto, shrine of Na. Sra. del Milacre, Riner (Lleida). 116

5857. Exvoto, Na. Sra. del Remei, Alcanar (Tarragona). 116

5958. Na. Sra. de Agres (Alicante), apparition. Lithograph holy card. 117

6059. Paray-le-Monial apparition of Sacred Heart. Postcard sent 1915. 118

6160. Lourdes apparition. Postcard, 1950s. 119

6261. Beauraing apparition. Postcard, c. 1933. 119

6362. Beauraing apparition. Postcard, 1933. 120

6463. Pius XII and miracle of the sun of Fatima. Calendar, Pamplona, 1960. 121

6564. Montserrat apparition site. Postcard c. 1929. 122

6665. Montserrat apparition, backlit. 123

6766. Ezquioga apparition site. Postcard, 1931. 124

6867. Ezquioga apparition, backlit. 125

6968. Lourdes apparition with human models. Postcard sent 1907. 126

7069. Children pray at Lourdes grotto of Kumbakorum, India. Postcard 1930s. 127

7170. Jeanne d’Arc hearing voices. Postcard, Nancy, sent 1903. 128

7271. Jeanne d’Arc with sheep hearing voices. Postcard sent 1909. 129

7372. Jeanne d’Arc hears voices, angel visible. Postcard sent 1910. 130

7473. Jeanne d’Arc with saints, pageant at Bellême (Orne), c. 1909. 131

7574. Jeanne d’Arc with saints, pageant at Compiègne, 1913. 131

7675. “Thought knows no distance.” Postcard, Nancy, sent 1905. 135

7776. Photo of two girls mounted on printed postcard of airplane in flight. 135

7877. Woman at writing table, thinking of man. Postcard, Berlin. 136

7978. Man thinking of woman, in distance. Postcard, Vienna, sent 1912. 137

8079. Woman talking to man on telephone. Postcard, Paris. 138

8180. Woman reading letter as absent man looks on. Postcard, Paris, sent 1915. 139

8281. Man thinks of absent woman. Postcard, Berlin. 140

8382. Absent woman holds man asleep over book. Postcard, Hamburg. 140

8483. Man thinking of sick woman. Postcard, Berlin, sent 1911. 141

8584. Man thinking of deceased mother. Postcard, Paris, sent 1909. 142

8685. Mrs. Foulds with spirit of her mother, 1920. 143

8786. Composite photo, Bernadette in studio and Lourdes grotto, 1864. 144

8887. Girl praying to Murillo Inmaculada. Postcard, Berlin, sent 1914. 145

8988. Woman praying beside ghostly Jesus. Postcard, Paris, sent 1915. 146

9089. Stereogram of ghostly dancers by B. L. Singley, Pennsylvania, 1894. 147

9190. Stereogram of ghost at wake. Strohmeyer and Wyman, New York, 1894. 147

9291. W. T. Stead and spirit, 1891. 148

9392. Pianist and spirit holding laurel crown. Postcard, Berlin, sent 1906. 149

9493. Girl with guardian angel behind her. Postcard, Paris, sent 1912. 150

9594. Bad girl with weeping guardian angel. Postcard, Paris, sent 1903. 151

9695. Guardian angel by toddlers in bed. Postcard, Berlin, sent 1896. 152

9796. Child angels around toddler in manger. Postcard, Vienna, after 1905. 152

9897. First Mass priest with child angels. Cabinet card, E. Sagristá, Masnou (Barcelona). 153

9998. Father Christmas above city puts children to sleep. Postcard, Nancy, after 1905. 154

10099. St. Nicholas approaches children in crib. Postcard, Vienna, after 1905. 155

101100. Father Christmas, presents, and three girls. Postcard, France, after 1905. 156

102101. Snowy man surprises two girls. Postcad, France, after 1905. 156

103102. France, Freemasons, apparitions. Postcard, Paris, after 1905. 157

104103. God protects France! Postcard, Paris, c. 1905. 158

105104. France and the Pope. Postcard, Paris, c. 1905. 159

106105. Triumph of the Republic. Postcard, France, sent 1906. 160

107106. Montjuich, the last vision of Francisco Ferrer. Postcard, Geneva, c. 1909. 161

108107. Alzonne, apparition site. Photo postcard, Carcassonne, Roudière, 1913. 167

109108. The Gleaners, with battle in sky. Postcard, Boulogne-sur-Seine, sent 1916. 168

110109. Family, with battle in sky. Postcard, Paris, sent 1915. 168

111110. Woman praying in Serbo-Croatian, battle above. Postcard, Berlin, sent 1917. 169

112111. Sacred Heart above map of France. Postcard, Paris, 1918. 170

113112. Sacred Heart mobilizes Jeanne d’Arc. Postcard, Paris, 1915. 171

114113. French saints intercede with Christ. Postcard, Paris, WWI. 172

115114. Sacred Heart, Mary, saints, appear above Montmartre. Holy card, Paris, WWI. 173

116115. France as woman mobilizes farmer. Postcard, Paris, WWI. 174

117116. Soldiers defend France as woman. Postcard, Paris, sent 1914. 175

118117. France as woman honors soldiers. Postcard, Paris, sent 1914. 176

119118. France as woman protects fallen enemy. Postcard, Reuil, sent 1915. 177

120119. France as woman points to Joffre. Postcard, France, sent 1915. 178

121120. Boy with French heroes above. Postcard, Bois-Colombes, sent 1915. 179

122121. Father Christmas brings war dolls, battle above. Postcard, Boulogne-sur-Seine, WWI. 180

123122. Father Christmas with rifle. Postcard, Paris, sent 1914. 181

124123. “Angel of God, watch over my husband.” Postcard, Reuil, sent 1915. 182

125124. Austrian soldier with angel in sky. Postcard, Leipzig, sent 1916. 183

126125. Soldier treats wounded enemy, blessed by Christ. Postcard, Vienna, sent 1917. 184

127126. Soldiers sleep, watched by Lourdes Virgin. Postcard, Paris, 1914. 185

128127. Mary appears above trenches to soldiers. Postcard, Paris, sent 1918. 186

129128. Vision of Mary in trees, Novéant-sur-Moselle, 1920. Postcard, France. 187

130129. Jeanne d’Arc and soldier. Postcard, Boulogne-sur-Seine, sent 1915. 188

131130. Jeanne d’Arc, France and the Church. Cover, Le Pèlerin, 1921. 189

132131. Woman prays to crucifix for absent soldier. Postcard, Paris, sent 1914. 190

133132. Children pray to crucifix for father at war. Postcard, Budapest, sent 1916. 191

134133. Children look at photos, troops above. Postcard, Paris, WWI. 192

135134. Woman looks at photo, absent soldier looks at her. Postcard, Berlin, sent 1915. 193

136135. Woman thinks of absent soldier, who aims rifle. Postcard, Paris, sent 1915. 194

137136. Soldier thinks of absent woman. Postcard, Paris, WWI. 195

138137. Absent wife watches over sleeping soldier. Postcard, France, sent 1915. 196

139138. Absent soldier watches over sleeping woman. Modified postcard, Levallois-Perret, sent 1916. 197

140139. Woman imagines soldier with her. Postcard, Bois-Colombes, sent 1916. 198

141140. Soldier reads letter, absent woman looks on. Postcard, Leipzig, WWI, in Hungarian. 199

142141. Soldier on duty, absent woman behind him. Postcard, France, sent 1915. 200

143142. Woman prays at grave, man prays above. Postcard, Berlin, sent in Croatial914. 201

144143. Girl with mother’s portrait. Photomontage, Barcelona, J. Alonso, c. 1910. 205

145144. Man thinking of woman. Photomontage, Spain, after 1905. 206

146145. Woman with two girls thinks of man. Photomontage, Spain, sent 1915. 207

147146. Woman with grandchildren, with absent young man. Photomontage, Valencia. 208

148147. Soldier writes to woman. Photomontage, Cartagena, c. 1915-1923. 209

149148. Young woman writes to soldier. Photomontage, Spain, c. 1913-1923. 210

150149. Soldier at table thinks of woman. Photomontage, Livorno. 211

151150. Soldier in studio. Carte de Visite, Marseilles, Gaulard. 212

152151. Woman and child, with absent soldier. Photomontage, France. 213

153152. Soldier in studio with photo of daughter. France. 214

154155. Woman and three children in studio, with absent man (prisoner?). Photomontage, Belgium? 215

155154. Two women and two girls in studio, with absent soldier (prisoner?). Photomontage, France. 216

156155. Soldier in studio with absent family. Photomontage, Germany. 217

157156. Children holding photo, with soldier (prisoner?) above. Photomontage, Belgium or France. 218

158157. Father thinking of soldier prisoner. Photomontage, Zaandam, Netherlands, 1918. 218

159158. Woman thinking of soldier prisoner in Germany. Photomontage, Liège, WWI. 219

160159. Extended family in garden, for soldier prisoner in Germany. Liège, sent 1915. 219

161160. Soldier, wife and son in studio, France. 220

162161. Soldier and wife in studio, Germany. 221

163162. Soldier, wife and two sons in studio, Germany. 222

164163. Soldier and wife under umbrella in garden, France. 223

165164. Officer, wife, two daughters in park. Vichy, Ambrost, 1918. 224

166165. Soldier and family in courtyard, France. 225

167166. Soldiers and families at party in cafe, France. 226

168167. Soldier and family in studio, Germany. 226

169168. Soldier on leave, wife, three sons, before house, St.-Didier d’Assiat (Ain), WWI. 227

170169. Medic and family in studio, France. 227

171170. Soldier, wife, and daughter in studio, France. 228

172171. Soldier, mother, and brother’s family in studio, Belgrade. 229

173172. Soldier, wife, and dog in studio, France. 230

174173. Soldier, wife and daughter in studio, France. 231

175174. Belgian prisoner in Germany with family photomontages. Soltau, Dethmann, 1917. 231

© Central European University Press, 2012

Conditions d’utilisation : http://www.openedition.org/6540